Now there are many types of nesting dolls. There are nesting dolls inspired from football, different hobbies, trends, and so on. Since the beginning of the 1990s, nesting dolls have begun to be painted not only in traditional areas, but also in large cities and individual tourist centers. The basis is often taken form and style peculiar to the Sergeinesting dolls, so now on the nesting markets there are products, very reminiscent of the doll Sergei Posed. Despite the variety of today’s range, it is already possible to identify a certain trend in the formation of the “nesting dolls of the 1990s”style. It is characterized by the elaboration of a suit in pointedly Russian traditions with scarves and shawls based on the famous Pavlov’s.
Currently, trays can be found not only dolls painted in the traditional style, but also very popular, the so-called author’s dolls, made by the artist-individual, professional. The price of such a toy depends on the fame of the author, and the quality of work. Now you can find dolls that were made in a single copy, some may even be copies of famous paintings by artists, such as Vasnetsov, Kustodiyev, Bryullov, etc.
Types of nesting dolls:
The 6 piecenesting dolls is a chubby girl in a scarf and a sundress with an apron, brightly painted using 3-4 colors (red or orange, yellow, green and blue). This is the most common nesting doll bought as souvenirs. The lines of the face and clothing are outlined in black. After renaming SergeiPosed to Zagorsk, in 1930, this type of painting began to be called Zagorsk.
Now there are many types of dolls – Semenov, Merino, Polkhov, and Vyatka. The most popular are the Maydanovsky (from Polkhov Maidan) and Semenovskie nesting dolls. All these traditional beautifully decorated nesting dolls are available at nestingdolls co.
PolkhovskyMaidan – the most famous center for the manufacture and painting of dolls, located in the south-west of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The main element of the polikho-maydanovskaya nesting doll is a multi-petal rosehip flower (“rose”), next to which there can be half-opened buds on the branches. The painting is applied on a pre-applied contour made with ink. Coloring is made on a primer with starch, after it products are coated twice or three times with a transparent varnish.
For Simonov nesting dolls characterized by bright colors, mostly yellow and red. The scarf is usually painted in polka dots. The first matryashechnaya artel in Semenov was organized in 1929 , it united the toy masters Semenov and nearby villages, although the city itself is famous mainly for its Khokhloma painting and the manufacture of toys was a side trade for Semenovsk craftsmen.
Vyatka Nesting dolls – the most northern of all Russian nesting dolls. Vyatka has long been famous for its products from birch bark and bast – boxes, baskets, tuesami – in which, in addition to clever weaving techniques, an embossed ornament was used. A special originality of the Vyatka painted wooden doll received in the 60s, when the nesting dolls was not only painted with aniline paints, but also encrusted with straw, it became a kind of innovation in the design of nesting dolls. For inlays, rye straw was used, which was grown in special areas and carefully cut with sickles by hand.
Nesting dolls – production technology
First you need to choose a tree. As a rule, it is linden, birch, aspen, larch. The tree must be cut down necessarily in the early spring or winter, so that there is little juice in it. And it should be smooth, without knots. The trunk is treated and stored so that the wood is blown. It is important not to overdry the log. The drying period is about two to three years. Masters say that the tree should ring.
The first to appear is the smallest nesting dolls that do not open. Behind her – the lower part (bottom) for the next. The first nesting dolls were six-seater – eight-seater, maximum, and in recent years, 35- local, even 70- local, nesting dolls appeared (in Semen, the seven-seater Semenovskaya nesting doll was one meter tall). The upper part of the second nesting dolls is not dried, but is immediately worn on the bottom. Due to the fact that the upper part is finally dried in place, the parts of the nesting dolls fit snugly together and keep well.
When the nesting doll’s body is ready, it is sanded and ground. And then the process begins, which gives each nesting dolls its own individuality – painting. First, the basis of the drawing is applied with a pencil. Sometimes drawing is burned, and then tinted watercolor.
Then outlines the mouth, eyes, cheeks
And already then the doll is painted clothes. Typically, paint, use gouache, watercolor or acrylic. Each area has its own canons of painting, its colors and shapes. Masters of PolkhovskyMaidan, as well as Merin and Semenov’s neighbors, paint the nesting dolls with aniline paints on a previously primed surface. Dyes are diluted with an alcohol solution. The painting of Sergiyevnesting dolls is made without preliminary drawing with gouache and only occasionally with watercolor and tempera, and the intensity of the color is achieved with the help of varnishing.
A good nesting dolls is different in that: all of her figures easily fit into each other; two parts of one nesting dolls fit snugly and do not hang out; the drawing is correct and clear; Well, and, of course, a good nesting dolls should be beautiful. The first nesting dolls were coated with wax, and they were coated with varnish when they became a children’s toy. The lacquer protected the paint, did not allow them to deteriorate so quickly, cut off, kept the color longer. The most interesting thing is that in the first nesting dolls there was a burning out of the contours of the face and the costume. And even if the paint peeled off, what was done by burning remained for a long time.
Nesting dolls – a real wonder of the world. Present because it was and remains the creation of human hands. Wonder of the World – because surprisingly the toy symbol of Russia moves around the world, not recognizing any distances, boundaries, or political regimes. In fact, there are now nesting dolls made in Mexico. Utilization-wise, there are dolls used in yoga class. Incredible!
The nesting dolls is a wooden, brightly painted hollow inside doll in the form of a semi-oval figure, into which other similar dolls of smaller size are inserted.
It is believed that the Russian nesting dolls was machined according to a sample brought from Japan. According to some information, the dolls appeared in Russia only after the Russian-Japanese war and the return of prisoners of war from Japan to Russia.
Japan is the land of many gods. Each of them answered for something: either for the harvest, or he helped the righteous, or was the patron of the happiness of art. Japanese gods are diverse and multifaceted: happy, angry, wise … Yogis believed that man has several bodies, each of which was patronized by a god. Whole sets of god figures were popular in Japan. And at the end of the XIX century, someone decided to put several figures in one another. The first such fun was the figure of the Buddhist sage Fukuruma, a good-natured bald old man who was responsible for happiness, prosperity and wisdom.
It turns out that the cloning method was well known at the end of the XIX century. Judge for yourself. Japanese father Fukurumu became the ancestor. Mum was not there. A cloning occurred in 1890 in the estate of Mamontov in the Moscow region Abramtsevo. The owner of the estate brought a funny god from Japan. The toy was a secret: in the old man Fukurumu his whole family was hiding. In one of the environments, when the artistic elite ran into the estate, the hostess showed everyone a funny figure.